Power battery recycling market scale of billions for recycling improperly will bring new pollution
Power battery recycling market scale of billions for recycling improperly will bring new pollution
ChinaNew - energy carsProduction and inventory already contribute more than half, meanwhile, is entering a new energy battery technology for large - scale decommissioning period, it is expected that by 2020 the cumulative amount of retirement will exceed 20 million tons."New - energy carsPower battery recycling Interim Procedures of Shanghai Municipality on the Administration of the People's Court, which this year take effect Friday.The new rules would be China's new energy automobile power battery recycling what has been the impact of how the decommissioning of the recovery and utilization of the battery, preventing waste of resources and environmental pollution?
The policy and market environment factors, China renewable energy production and the population has been over half of the global total.According to industry experts from the enterprise the warranty period, the battery cycle life, specific service conditions comprehensive calculation in terms of, after 2018, China will enter a new energy battery technology for large - scale decommissioning period, it is expected that by 2020 the cumulative amount of retirement will exceed 20 million tons.If these poor handling of the battery, on the one hand can bring environmental and safety hazard, and, on the other hand, the waste of resources.
On 31 July, the Ministry convened a national new energy automobile power battery monitoring and recycling comprehensive traceability management platform to start the session.On 1 August, the "new - energy automobile power battery recycling The Interim Procedures of Shanghai Municipality on the Administration of formal implementation, marking a new energy automobile power battery begins to accept the country's supervision, the new - energy auto industry to ensure orderly and green development.
Data source: China Automotive Technology and Research Center of data center resources
implement overall supervision of the implementation of extended producer responsibility, recovery and utilization of key 16 will also be standard
On 1 August, the new energy automobile power battery recycling traceability management Campaign will be held in Beijing."From a national perspective on the battery power of the whole process, China was the first to do so. This is the case with the global development of electric vehicle (EV) has a leading role." electric vehicle at the Beijing Institute of Technology, director of the National Engineering Laboratory, academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering and Sun Fengchun said when accepting a reporter to interview.
Power battery recycling traceability management comprehensive platform divided into new - energy vehicle management module and battery recycling management module, powered from the electric vehicle at the Beijing Institute of Technology, which administers the national engineering laboratory, the latter by the China Automotive Technology and Research Center Co., Ltd (hereinafter referred to as steam) in the data center resources to manage the day - to - center,Main focusing power battery from the car to retire from playing, echelon utilization, disassembly, recycling and the like.Sun Fengchun, says such a whole - process management, so as to be capable of tracking each block of the battery 100% traceability.
vice minister Xin Guobin, head of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, jointly with the Ministry of Science and Technology of the People's Republic of China, the ecological environment, the Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Commerce, Market Supervision Administration, the National Energy Administration jointly promulgated the "new - energy automobile power battery recycling management) of various provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government, the implementation of the project extending producer responsibility system and implement the ideology of overall lifecycle management,In the power of battery recycling, comprehensive utilization, supervision, etc., around the power storage battery design, production, sales, transport, recycling and harmless disposal and recycling of various constructs.
Meanwhile, in case of emergencies in accordance with the preceding principles, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology with the departments concerned to study and put forward the 16 power battery recycling key standards.Currently, the published power battery size specification, encoding rules, disassemble the specifications of the different work detection 4 of the national standards, the requirements for standard echelon utilization, battery disassembly, packaging and transportation, and material recovery 3 standards and has also formed a draft, the others are in the research.
17 + 1
"17 + 1 in state" in the form of the construction of recycling pilot projects, explore environmentally friendly marketing model of water resources
In the new energy automobile power battery retired before, related departments have starting from the top, the power battery of the traceability system construction.Batten down the hatches, originating from others' mistakes."China in the aspects of the battery is served up. For a now widely used in various electric bicycle of lead acid batteries, scrap and recycling, there have been a lot of problems. We are now playing defense of Blue Sky ', if the vehicle power battery management no good, it's difficult to win this battle.So, from the green environmental protection and sustainable development, power battery recycling traceability is very important. "Sun Fengchun stressed.
In accordance with the new energy automobile power battery recycling to the Interim Measures for the Administration on or after August 1, sales of new energy automobile power battery are to be included in the management, including the importation of new - energy vehicles.According to Sun Fengchun, introduces the domestic new energy vehicle in 2017, after the sale of vehicles already are all included in the new - energy automobile country supervision platform.2017 vehicles, which are mostly concentrated in the bus and taxi, car production enterprises, these enterprises will be required to manually upload information related to the supervision platform.
In late July, according to the "new - energy automobile power battery recycling pilot implementation", the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and seven departments including the new - energy automobile industry development in determining relative concentration and characteristic of the region, local governments play a guiding role, focusing on enterprises, and actively explore the technical and economical.Resources environment - friendly waste battery recycling market mode.It has now been established in Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shanxi, Shanghai and other 17 regions and China Tower Co., Ltd., and 1 is from state - owned enterprises (SOEs) as a pilot program to kick - start the experiment.Pilot after the expiry of the period, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and other ministries and organizations will carry out a pilot program to evaluate and summarize the experiences, further the work carried out within the country, building a highly perfect, efficient specification of the power battery recycling system.
Only to obtain the relevant qualifications of the enterprises may be engaged in battery recycling.According to the steam in the central data center resources deputy director Chen Ping introduced, by the Ministry of Commerce or the local commerce department and dismantling automobiles should have the qualification of the enterprise, in nationwide have been over 700.Specializing in power battery echelon utilization and recycling of the enterprise, must meet the conditions laid down in the new energy automobile power battery waste comprehensive utilization industry condition with respect to the requirements stipulated in ".
It is forecasted that in 2020, the market size of billions, echelon utilization is considered state of the auxiliary services of legacy applications.
According to forecast, new energy automobile power battery recycling market is huge: estimated market size in 2018 more than 52 billion yuan, more than 100 billion yuan by 2020, 2022 will exceed 300 billion yuan.That is, the power battery to recycling and environmental protection is not only necessary, in the face of economic benefit.
Power battery recycling includes echelon utilization and resource recovery in a longer term.Generally new - energy vehicles on the power of the battery remaining capacity to the initial capacity of 70% to 80% when it is unable to meet the requirements for vehicles, one has to "retire".It's like toy couldn't function of the battery may also be placed on the radio in normal use, from the car's on a decommissioned power down of the battery, through testing, screening, recombination sites can still be used in electric vehicles, backup power sources, power storage and operating conditions are relatively good, the battery performance is less demanding fields,This is echelon utilization.
Battery echelon utilization is heavily favored in the field of energy storage, large - scale renewable energy generation, auxiliary services, such as electric power energy storage applications have echelon utilization demonstration project.If not for the power battery echelon utilization, to be disassembled to reclaim its utilization of renewable resources, such as cobalt, lithium and other metals.
For power battery dismantling after regeneration and utilization of economic value, but there are a lot of discussion.In a few months ago an international energy summit, which is one of the major national 863 electric vehicle power battery xishuang, director of Prince Winter points out, the traction battery based on whether it is worth recycling, the battery using a multi - stage of the project.In actual applications, many materials that recovery value is relatively low, particularly the lightweight technology application, for many companies in the battery box is employed as the material of the nonmetallic material, it is worth less.For the lithium iron phosphate battery or the like, which is for recovering anode material of no value, according to the conventional recovery will gain.
After retiring as a player's new - energy cars power management specifications of the waste battery is a battery power full lifecycle traceability, thus establishing a national platform for recycle and use management module ', facing the enterprises of retrieving and dismantling automobiles, echelon utilization enterprises, regeneration and reutilization enterprises and complete traceability information acquisition,To realize the power of the battery online monitoring and accountability. "Chen Ping, said in an interview.